Which Countries Are Using COVID-19 Vaccine Passports?
International travel has been on the back burner for over a year now, and as more people receive the COVID-19 vaccine, nations around the world are itching to reopen their borders.
In a bid to kick-start the tourism industry, one by one, countries are introducing COVID vaccine passports. Although the name can be misleading, this documentation comes in all shapes and sizes – we're already seeing physical certificates, digital forms, and QR codes within national apps.
So, if you’re part of the 25% of the world that has received both doses of the vaccine, let’s find out where your next holiday could be.
Passport? Check. Boarding pass? Check. COVID-19 passport? Check.
What are COVID vaccine passports?
Before we dive in, let’s clear up any confusion about what a COVID passport actually is. Put simply, it’s a document that includes personal details, health records, and information about your COVID-19 vaccinations.
Depending on where you’re travelling to, the name and way the passport is used will differ – it’s worth familiarising yourself with this before you leave.
Below, you can check which countries have already got a COVID-19 vaccination passport system put in place. We’ve decided to include any form of passport/certificate/app, as well as the date that the policy was/will be brought into effect.
Many countries have confirmed that they are developing a system, but have not settled on anything yet. We’ll therefore update this page monthly with any new vaccine passports that are announced.
Which countries have COVID-19 passports so far?
|Country||Do you need a COVID-19 vaccination passport?|
|Antigua and Barbuda||✖|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||✔|
|Central African Republic||✖|
|Democratic Republic of the Congo||✖|
|Holy See (Vatican)||✔|
|Papua New Guinea||✔|
|Saint Kitts and Nevis||✔|
|Saint Vincent and Grenadines||✔|
|Sao Tome and Principe||✖|
|Trinidad & Tobago||✔|
|United Arab Emirates||✔|
*Please note that this table will change constantly, so you should consult the embassy or government website of your chosen country before you travel.
Where can you use COVID-19 vaccine passports now?
To enter the country, you must provide either proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR test (taken within 72 hours before the flight), proof of a negative COVID-19 rapid antigen test (taken within 48 hours before the flight), or proof of two COVID-19 vaccinations (completed at least 14 days before the flight).
Travellers will be asked to provide either a COVID-19 PCR test certificate with a negative result (taken within the previous 72 hours), or proof of complete vaccination against COVID-19 with the second dose taken at least 14 days before entering the country.
Azerbaijan's Cabinet of Ministers announced the new regulations on July 26, making vaccination virtually compulsory in the country. As of September 1, people 18 and over have to show proof of vaccination, to enter various places, including restaurants and cafes, shopping centres, and hotels.
All travellers entering Austria must register digitally before visiting to obtain a “pre-travel clearance” (PTC). At the border, visitors need to show their PTC, as well as a negative COVID Test, a vaccine certificate, or proof of past infection.
For international travellers, proof of vaccination must confirm they have passed the two-week immunity period. At this time The Bahamas Government will only be accepting vaccines by Pfizer, Moderna, Johnson & Johnson and AstraZeneca.
On 17 February, Bahrain added ‘proof of vaccination’ to its BeAware contact tracing app. Two weeks after users receive their second vaccine dose, the app displays a green shield alongside the traveller's personal details. The app also includes a QR code, which can be scanned by authorities to link the certificate to the national vaccine register.
Travellers no longer need to quarantine upon arrival if they have proof of the second dose of Pfizer or AstraZeneca vaccine.
As of 8 May, fully vaccinated travellers will only need to quarantine for 1-2 days if they can provide proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR test and a vaccination certificate on arrival. An additional PCR test will also be carried out at the airport.
Before visiting Belize, visitors must download the Belize Health App and input their details to avoid having to be tested and quarantined. The information must prove that they have had both doses of an approved vaccine at least two weeks before arrival in the country.
Vaccinated foreign nationals are able to stay in Belarus for up to five days without having to self-isolate.
In order to be valid to enter Bulgaria, travellers need to have proof of vaccination (valid from 14 days after the second dose), proof of recovery from COVID-19 (valid at least 11 days after the positive result to a COVID-19 test, or proof of a negative result to a COVID-19 test up to 72 hours before the flight.
The “European digital COVID certificate” – referred to in Belgium as the COVID certificate – must be shown upon arrival. This includes the person’s COVID-19 vaccination status, current negative PCR test, or confirmation that the person has recently recovered from the disease.
This system is currently only available for Chinese citizens, who will be able to present certificates at borders to aid health checks.
Bhutan’s rules on whether or not it will allow people in with a vaccination is circumstantial – it depends where the person is travelling from. You can check out the different rules on their government website.
This system is currently only available for Chinese citizens, who will be able to present certificates at borders to aid health checks.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Foreign nationals, including those with residence in Bosnia and Herzegovina, can enter Bosnia and Herzegovina with either a negative COVID-19 (PCR) test result that is not older than 48 hours, or a confirmation of full vaccination at least 14 days before your arrival.
This system is currently only available for Chinese citizens, who will be able to present certificates at borders to aid health checks.
Fully vaccinated visitors (with the country’s approved vaccination certificates) no longer need to quarantine when arriving in Brunei.
Fully vaccinated visitors (with the country’s approved vaccination certificates) no longer need to quarantine when arriving in Burkina Faso.
Since July 5, Canada has allowed fully vaccinated travellers to skip the mandatory 14-day quarantine.
As of 5 July 2021, holders of Chadian COVID-19 vaccination certificates, indicating that they have been fully vaccinated against COVID-19 in Chad, can be exempt from some or all of the social distancing requirements.
The Chinese COVID-19 vaccination passport shows whether someone has received their jabs, as well as any recent COVID-19 test or antibody test results. The vaccine certificates can be downloaded through the social media platform WeChat, or users can request them in paper format.
Citizens and expats living in Chile can now register for the country’s Mobility Pass scheme (Pase de Movilidad), as long as they’ve been vaccinated. Under this mobility pass, people are exempt from some COVID restrictions, making it easier to travel around the country.
Columbia’s VitalPass was the first digital passport created in Latin America. This free digital certificate works with a QR code, and allows citizens to move more freely without COVID restrictions.
As of 1 April, anyone can travel to Croatia if they present a COVID-19 vaccination certificate. To avoid any discrimination, travellers can also enter with a negative test result taken no more than 48 hours prior to their arrival in the country.
All tourists who are fully vaccinated against COVID-19 (inoculated with Moderna, Pfizer-BioNTech, AstraZeneca, or Johnson & Johnson) can enter the country without a travel policy. Vaccinated tourists must attach the vaccination certificate to the Health Pass with evidence that the vaccine was carried out over 14 days prior to arrival.
After 19 July 2021, fully vaccinated visitors won’t need to self-isolate, as long as you’re returning from an amber destination, not a red one.
As of 1 June 2021, Czech citizens can download COVID vaccine certificates by entering a family number (rodné číslo) and a Czech state ID number, or a national e-identity. Czechs can use this service to access Germany, Austria, Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, Slovenia, and Croatia.
When leaving Djibouti, foreign residents are required to show proof of at least one dose of a coronavirus vaccine, or evidence of an appointment overseas for a vaccine. All passengers arriving in Djibouti who cannot show evidence of having been vaccinated will have to spend 10 days in quarantine in their own accommodation.
Vaccinated travellers will no longer need to self-quarantine once arriving in Dominica. This is only the case if the individual has received the final dose more than two weeks before entering Dominica, from one of Dominica’s approved vaccines (AstraZeneca, Janssen, Moderna, Pfizer, and Sinopharm).
Passengers arriving in the Dominican Republic can now avoid having random COVID testing – as long as they can present a vaccination card, which proves the second vaccine dose was given no less than three weeks after the first dose. Alternatively, people can provide proof of a negative PCR test, which should have been taken within 72 hours prior to arrival.
As of 22 March, travellers who have had their full course of COVID-19 vaccinations can present the official vaccination certificate to enter Ecuador. Alternatively, visitors must have proof of a negative test result taken up to three days prior to their arrival in the country.
Travellers who have already been fully vaccinated (with a WHO-approved vaccine at least 14 days prior to their trip) do not need to take a PCR test upon arrival. The vaccination certificate must a hard copy, with a QR code.
On 29 March 2021, the government of El Salvador announced that passengers who have proof that they have completed a COVID-19 vaccination course will no longer be required to present a negative RT-PCR test for entry.
To enter the country, passengers must have a COVID-19 vaccination certificate, showing that they were fully vaccinated, along with a negative COVID-19 PCR test result (issued at most 48 hours before arrival). Visitors will also need to quarantine in a designated hotel for 5 days.
All travellers, including vaccinated people, must take a rapid antigen test upon arrival. However, those who can prove they have had both doses of a vaccine can avoid a five-day quarantine.
On 2 February, Estonia announced that it will allow passengers arriving into the country to avoid quarantine requirements, as long as they provide proof of COVID-19 vaccination. The certificate must include when the vaccine was made, which vaccine was used, as well as the issuer and the batch number of the vaccine.
Authorities in Finland have opened their borders to fully vaccinated passengers who hold a valid EU COVID Vaccination Passport.
As part of the European Union’s Digital COVID-19 Certificate, French citizens can have access to a QR code that will verify whether they have been vaccinated. Vaccination documents can also be submitted to the French application TousAntiCovid to make travelling easier.
All passengers travelling to Gabon must present a valid negative PCR test no older than the days, or a valid COVID-19 vaccination certificate. Anyone with evidence of a complete vaccination course will also be exempt from compulsory testing and self-isolation.
Fully vaccinated travellers, with approved vaccination certificates, no longer need to quarantine upon arrival. However, all travellers, including vaccinated individuals, must be administered with day two and day eight tests.
As of 1 February, fully vaccinated travellers from any country are allowed to enter Georgia, as long as they present documentation confirming they’ve had both doses of the COVID-19 vaccination.
As of 1 May, travellers with proof of full vaccination will only be required to quarantine for up to 48 hours. Visitors will also need to carry out a PCR test, which will be administered on entry and paid for in advance.
From 10 August, only fully vaccinated people can travel to Greenland. Once they’ve arrived, these vaccinated visitors are not required to quarantine and will be allowed to be in public places with fewer restrictions.
From 21 February, visitors can enter and exit Guatemala freely if they have either a COVID-19 passport or proof that their vaccination occurred a minimum of two weeks prior to arrival. All incoming visitors must also complete a health pass before crossing the border.
The Ministry of Health announced on 28 July that applications for visas must include a COVID-19 certificate of vaccination. The application must include proof of two COVID-19 vaccination doses completed at least 15 days before you plan to travel.
Only fully vaccinated travellers are currency allowed to enter Guyana. Visitors must show proof of vaccination, as well as a negative COVID-19 PCR test result taken within seven days of arrival.
The Vatican now requires visitors to present a Green Pass (a digital certificate proving they have been vaccinated). Proof of a negative test, or evidence they’ve recovered from COVID-19.
To enter Honduras, visitors must provide a negative COVID-19 PCR or antigen test (dated no more than 72 hours before the date of your arrival at Honduras), or evidence that they have received two doses of the COVID-19 vaccination.
From 6 April, all travellers – regardless of origin – are welcome to visit Iceland if they can show either a certificate of full vaccination against COVID-19 or proof of previous infection.
To enter Indonesia, travellers must provide either a PCR test certificate (issued within 48 hours), a negative antigen test (issued within 24 hours prior to departure), or proof of vaccination (showing at least one COVID-19 vaccination having been administered).
Israel deployed a vaccine certificate – the so-called ‘green pass’ – in late February. Holders of a green pass can go to venues, such as theatres, concert halls, and indoor restaurants and bars.
The country also joined forces with Greece by creating a ‘vaccination bubble’, which Cyprus is also hoping to get in on, meaning all arrivals between the countries can dodge quarantine if they have proof of immunity.
Passengers travelling to Iraq with either a printed negative COVID-19 PCR test or a COVID-19 vaccination certificate showing that they were fully vaccinated can avoid having to take a PCR test upon arrival at their own expense.
Israel’s so-called ‘green pass means people can go to venues, such as theatres, concert halls, and indoor restaurants and bars. The country also joined forces with Greece by creating a ‘vaccination bubble’, which Cyprus is also hoping to get in on, meaning all arrivals between the countries can dodge quarantine if they have proof of immunity.
People in Italy can now use an online portal to claim a digital “green pass”, which proves they have been vaccinated, tested, or recovered from COVID-19. Within Italy, residents will need a green pass to attend large gatherings in the near future, such as weddings or concerts and, from 1 July 2021, will also be valid for quarantine-free travel in the EU.
People who are fully vaccinated only have to quarantine for eight days, rather than the normal for 14.
Once registered on the ‘Visit Jordan’ platform, vaccinated visitors can waiver testing on arrival by uploading their digital certificate. As of 15 June 2021, the government lifted the country’s 11pm curfew for vaccinated people, so long as they have proof of their jabs.
Incoming travellers, including Kazakh nationals, must provide evidence of a negative COVID-19 test taken no more than 72 hours before their arrival in Kazakhstan or a vaccination certificate.
From 1 August 2021, foreigners with valid residency and proof of vaccination (with a vaccine approved in Kuwait will be allowed to enter the country.
Proof of COVID-19 vaccination or a negative PCR test from no more than 72 hours before your arrival is now needed for entry into Kyrgyzstan.
Travel to Laos is now permitted, but only for people who can show they have been fully vaccinated.
Travellers are allowed to skip the self-isolation precaution when they enter Latvia – as long as they have completed a full COVID vaccination course. All visitors will, however, still have to present a negative COVID-19 test result less than 72 hours before arrival.
As of 11 January, anyone arriving in Lebanon who can prove they have received a COVID-19 vaccine will be exempt from having to quarantine. As a precautionary measure, travellers will still need to take a test, but this should be paid for by your chosen airline.
The Lithuanian government has introduced the so-called “opportunity passport” for anyone with a negative coronavirus test, is fully vaccinated, or has recently recovered from COVID-19. The passport allows people to take part in more activities, including attending events of up to 500 people and being indoors at bars and restaurants.
Travellers can now enter Liechtenstein if they are fully vaccinated and can show adequate proof
It is compulsory to present, either a vaccination certificate or a PCR test, completed before boarding a flight to Luxembourg, to enter the country.
As of 20 April, travellers with proof that they’re fully vaccinated will not have to produce a negative COVID-19 PCR-test upon arrival at the Maldives, and will also be able to swerve mandatory quarantine.
Fully vaccinated travellers can now avoid pre-departure COVID-19 testing and quarantine.
Some certified COVID-19 safe hotels have reopened in Mauritius for fully vaccinated tourists. Unvaccinated tourists, however, must remain in their rooms in an official quarantine hotel for 14 days.
Anyone can enter Moldova, with no restrictions, if they hold a vaccination certificate that proves they are fully vaccinated against COVID-19 within the previous 14 days.
Vaccinated travellers from third countries may enter Monaco, except for those defined as high risk.
Vaccinated people are now allowed to enter Mongolia, as long as they arrive 14 days after receiving the full dose of the vaccine. Plus, those who were previously diagnosed with COVID and have fully recovered from it shall be exempted from quarantine.
All passengers must present a negative Covid-19 PCR test, which is taken within 72 hours before arrival.
To enter Morocco, visitors need to provide proof that they have been fully vaccinated against COVID-19, with the second dose administered at least two weeks prior to travel.
Montenegro is allowing vaccinated people from any country to visit, as long as they present either a negative test from the previous 72 hours, or proof that they received the second dose of a vaccine more than seven days prior.
Those hoping to enter Nepal are required to present a certificate showing a negative PCR test, a visa or prior approval document, a hotel booking that allows at least ten days’ quarantine in Nepal. If you’re vaccinated, you’ll get to avoid these procedures.
EU citizens who have been fully vaccinated can obtain an EU Digital COVID Certificate (DCC) and use it to enter the Netherlands. If you do not have a DCC, or are a resident of a country outside the EU and the Schengen area, you can enter the Netherlands using paper proof of vaccination.
Norway has joined the EU’s COVID-19 Vaccination Passport. This means those who have been vaccinated against the COVID-19, anyone who has recovered from the virus in the last six months, and those who test negative before their trip, can enter the country.
Residents are unable to attend events, as well as restaurants, cafes, bars, and other catering establishments, in North Macedonia without a COVID vaccination certificate.
Any non-residents wishing to visit Oman must be fully vaccinated.
Anyone who gets vaccinated against COVID-19 in Poland now receives a vaccine passport. This means that vaccinated people will be able to use public health services without additional testing, will not be included in social distancing measures, and won’t have to quarantine after coming into contact with someone infected with COVID-19.
Travellers who were vaccinated or recovered from COVID-19 outside of Israel can apply for an exemption from isolation.
Fully vaccinated people can now avoid quarantine upon arrival, as long as they can present proof of a complete course of COVID-19 vaccination, and a negative PCR test was taken within three days of leaving the country of origin.
From 26 July 2021, vaccination certificates and negative COVID-19 test results need to be uploaded to Panama’s Health Affidavit before arrival. All passengers entering from low-risk countries can be exempt from the three-day quarantine and test on arrival, if they provide a negative PCR or antigen test that is valid within 72hours before entering the country.
Papa New Guinea
Visitors are unable to enter Papua New Guinea unless they have been vaccinated against COVID-19, have a written exemption from the National Pandemic Controller, and have tested negative for COVID-19 within a seven-day period prior to boarding the aircraft bound for Papua New Guinea.
All travellers arriving in the Philippines must undergo 14 days of quarantine on arrival, unless they have been fully vaccinated – in this case, it will be reduced to seven days.
Passengers with proof of a vaccine will undergo antibody testing on arrival. If the antibody test for COVID-19 is positive, they are exempt from quarantine on arrival. If the antibody test for COVID-19 is negative, they will have to quarantine. Vaccinated people will also be allowed to attend larger events in Qatar.
Anyone who has had both doses of the vaccine, and arrives in Romania more than ten days after the second dose, will no longer be expected to self-isolate.
Vaccinated Russian citizens and residents returning from abroad will no longer be required to self-isolate.
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Only fully vaccinated travellers may enter the country – although, testing and quarantining are required. Some exemptions are made for nationals and residents of St Kitts and Nevis.
Visitors must stay at COVID-certified accommodation in Saint Lucia for 14 days, unless they are fully vaccinated 14 days before arrival.
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Arrivals from very high-risk countries are required to quarantine for 21 days in an approved hotel. Vaccinated arrivals, however, are only required to quarantine for 7 days.
To enter Samoa, visitors must present a hard copy of a vaccine certificate, as well as proof of registration at a quarantine facility.
Travellers need to take a pre-departure test before arriving in San Marino. They’ll also have to quarantine for 10 days, unless they’ve been fully vaccinated in the UK, EU, or USA.
On 7 January, Saudi Arabia’s Minister of Health announced the launch of an online ‘immunity passport service’, which was issued through the Government’s Tawakkalna app. The passport contains proof of an individual’s vaccination against COVID-19, confirming that the individual is immune to the virus.
Visitors are allowed in Serbia if they either show a negative PCR test, a certificate of complete vaccination, or a certificate to prove they have overcome COVID-19 in the past.
Seychellois nationals and permanent residents are now allowed to enter Seychelles from any country without having to quarantine, as long as they have completed a full dose of vaccination at least two weeks before travelling. Unvaccinated Seychellois nationals and permanent residents must undergo seven days of home quarantine.
Individuals that have been fully vaccinated and arrive in Sierra Leone at least 14 days after the last dose of any COVID vaccine, will not be required to quarantine. They will, however, be tested for COVID at the airport.
From 19 April, certain travellers can avoid having to self-isolate if they can prove they’ve had the second dose of either Pfizer-BioNTech, Moderna, or the Oxford/AstraZeneca jab.
Slovenia is welcoming travellers back after the pandemic, but people coming from countries on its ‘red list’ must carry out a few checks beforehand. These include:
- Quarantining for 10 days upon arrival, unless they provide proof of a negative test taken within the previous 48 hours
- Having proof of Covid-19 vaccination
Passengers from restricted countries will not be accepted into Solomon Island unless they are a citizen or can prove that they have completed the COVID vaccination course.
If you have been fully vaccinated against COVID-19, you can apply for a ‘quarantine exemption’, which allows you to bypass quarantine when entering South Korea.
Spain has joined a handful of other European countries by implementing the EU Digital COVID-19 Passport system. Spain has also loosened its restrictions for non-EU arrivals, but only if they have received full protection from the vaccines 14 days prior to arrival. All passengers, whether vaccinated or not, must still complete a Spain Travel Health Form before they arrive.
Travellers who present proof of full vaccination against COVID-19 are exempt from quarantine requirements and testing on day 14 after arrival.
Fully vaccinated individuals may enter Suriname, but must also provide a negative result from a PCR COVID-19 test taken within 72 hours prior to travel.
Anyone travelling to Sweden will need the EU Digital COVID Certificate (DCC), which documents that the holder has been vaccinated against COVID-19.
The Swiss government has announced that, as of 7 June, it will start distributing digital vaccination certificates to resume travel between European countries.
Thailand's tourist hotspot Phuket is allowing vaccinated tourists in without having to quarantine. Visitors must be fully vaccinated at least 14 days prior to their departure to Thailand and must download the ThailandPlus alert app.
Fully vaccinated travellers can be exempted from the 14-day quarantine in Timor-Leste. However, fully vaccinated individuals who have come from or passed through countries with reported presence of the Delta variant of COVID-19 are required to complete a five-day quarantine.
Trinidad and Tobago
Non-nationals will not be allowed entry to Trinidad and Tobago, unless they are fully vaccinated – in which case, they also won’t have to quarantine).
Tourists hoping to visit Tunisia can now do so if they are fully vaccinated or have tested positive for COVID-19 at least six weeks before their departure date. Vaccinated travellers must show official evidence from their healthcare provider that they have received both jabs.
Fully vaccinated and recovered patients are exempt from tests upon arrival if they can provide either a vaccination certificate showing the last dose was given at least 14 days before arrival, or a medical certificate showing recovery in the last six months.
To enter Turkmenistan, unvaccinated foreign nationals must present proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within the previous 72 hours, and must undergo a 21-day quarantine in a state-run facility. Vaccinated travellers, on the other hand, only need to self-isolate for seven days.
All travellers from the UK, Ethiopia, Kenya, South Africa, South Sudan, Tanzania, Turkey, the UAE, and the US are required to undergo PCR testing at the border at their own expense, unless they can prove they have received their full COVID-19 vaccination.
As of 16 June, all foreign nationals with a valid negative PCR/RAT test or a certificate of full vaccination that meets Ukrainian requirements do not have to self-isolate on arrival in Ukraine.
Unite Arab Emirates
Vaccinated travellers arriving from green list destinations must take a COVID‑19 PCR test on arrival and won’t need to quarantine. When arriving from other destinations, all travellers need to take a COVID‑19 PCR test on arrival, quarantine for seven days, and take a second COVID‑19 PCR test on day six.
From 20 August, only those with proof of vaccination can access public spaces, including beaches, hotels, schools and shopping malls.
Since August 2, fully-vaccinated can travel to the UK from amber countries without having to quarantine on arrival. They also don't need to take the day eight test.
Those who have been fully vaccinated with an FDA-authorized vaccine do not need to quarantine, but are encouraged to take a test between days three and five.
Any travellers that have received two doses of COVID-19 vaccines must have proof of a negative PCR test, as well as take a new test seven days after the first one. You do not need to quarantine unless you don’t want to take the second PCR test.
Vietnam has cut the quarantine period for fully vaccinated foreign arrivals to seven days, rather than the previous 14. Arrivals must also test negative for the virus within 72 hours before arrival.
All passengers from high-risk countries may be subjected to additional COVID-19 testing on arrival in Zambia. Those passengers will also be required to self-quarantine at home for 14 days, unless they are fully vaccinated.