Which Countries Are Using COVID-19 Vaccine Passports?
International travel has been on the back burner for over a year now, and as more people receive the COVID-19 vaccine, nations around the world are itching to reopen their borders.
In a bid to kick-start the tourism industry, one by one, countries are introducing COVID vaccine passports. Although the name can be misleading, this documentation comes in all shapes and sizes – we're already seeing physical certificates, digital forms, and QR codes within national apps.
So, if you’re part of the 11.35% of the world that has received both doses of the vaccine, let’s find out where your next holiday could be.
Passport? Check. Boarding pass? Check. COVID-19 passport? Check.
What are COVID vaccine passports?
Before we dive in, let’s clear up any confusion about what a COVID passport actually is. Put simply, it’s a document that includes personal details, health records, and information about your COVID-19 vaccinations.
Depending on where you’re travelling to, the name and way the passport is used will differ – it’s worth familiarising yourself with this before you leave.
Below, you can check which countries have already got a COVID-19 vaccination passport system put in place. We’ve decided to include any form of passport/certificate/app, as well as the date that the policy was/will be brought into effect.
Many countries have confirmed that they are developing a system, but have not settled on anything yet. We’ll therefore update this page monthly with any new vaccine passports that are announced.
Which countries have COVID-19 passports so far?
|Country||Type of certificate/passport||Start date|
|Austria||Physical or digital vaccination certificate||25 May 2021|
|Barbados||Physical or digital vaccination certificate||8 May 2021|
|Bahrain||Digital certificate via Bahrain’s BeAware app||February 2021|
|Belize||Digital certificate via Belize Health App||February 2021|
|Bulgaria||EU Digital COVID-19 Passport||1 July 2021|
|China||Digital certificate via WeChat||March 2021|
|Croatia||Physical or digital vaccination certificate||1 April 2021|
|Cyprus||Digital Green Passport||10 May 2021|
|Czechia||Czech Republic digital vaccination passport||1 June 2021|
|Denmark||Digital certificate via Denmark's Coronapas system||6 April 2021|
|Ecuador||Physical or digital vaccination certificate||March 2021|
|El Salvador||Physical or digital vaccination certificate||29 March 2021|
|Estonia||Physical vaccination certificate |
(digital version available soon)
|France||European Union’s Digital COVID-19 Certificate||1 July 2021|
|Georgia||Physical or digital vaccination certificate||February 2021|
|Germany||CovPass digital certificates||1 July 2021|
|Greece||European Union’s Digital COVID-19 Certificate||1 July 2021|
|Grenada||Physical or digital vaccination certificate||1 May 2021|
|Guatemala||Physical or digital vaccination certificate||24 February 2021|
|Hungary||Digital certificate via GuardTime app||30 April|
|Iceland||Physical or digital vaccination certificate||March 2021|
|Ireland||EU Digital COVID-19 Passport||1 July 2021|
|Israel||Digital vaccination certificate via Israel’s Green Pass System app||February 2021|
|Italy||Digital Green Pass||15 June 2021|
|Japan||Digital certificate via CommonPass app||Unknown - TBC|
|Jordan||Physical or digital vaccination certificate||15 June 2021|
|Latvia||Physical or digital vaccination certificate||13 May 2021|
|Lebanon||Physical or digital vaccination certificate||January 2021|
|Lithuania||The Galimybių Pasas (Opportunity Passport)||24 May 2021|
|Maldives||Physical or digital vaccination certificate||20 April 2021|
|Malta||Physical or digital vaccination certificate (only some nationalities)||1 June 2021|
|Montenegro||Physical or digital vaccination certificate||April 2021|
|Morocco||Physical or digital vaccination certificate||15 June 2021|
|Poland||Physical or digital vaccination certificate||January 2021|
|Portugal||Physical or digital vaccination certificate (only some nationalities)||17 May 2021|
|Romania||Physical or digital vaccination certificate||January 2021|
|Saudi Arabia||Immunity Passport Service via Tawakkalna app||January 2021|
|Seychelles||Physical or digital vaccination certificate||25 March 2021|
|Singapore||Digital certificate via IATA Travel Pass||1 May 2021|
|Slovakia||Physical or digital vaccination certificate||19 April 2021|
|Slovenia||Physical or digital vaccination certificate||February 2021|
|Spain||European Union’s Digital COVID-19 Certificate||1 July 2021|
|Sweden||European Union’s Digital COVID-19 Certificate||1 July 2021|
|Switzerland||Physical or digital vaccination certificate||7 June 2021|
|Thailand||Physical or digital vaccination certificate||1 July 2021|
|The Bahamas||NHS app or a letter to prove vaccination status||1 May 2021|
|Tunisia||Physical or digital vaccination certificate||1 June 2021|
|Ukraine||Physical or digital vaccination certificate||16 June 2021|
*Please note that this table will change constantly, so you should consult the embassy or government website of your chosen country before you travel.
Where can you use COVID-19 vaccine passports now?
All travellers entering Austria must register digitally before visiting to obtain a “pre-travel clearance” (PTC). At the border, visitors need to show their PTC, as well as a negative COVID Test, a vaccine certificate, or proof of past infection.
On 17 February, Bahrain added ‘proof of vaccination’ to its BeAware contact tracing app. Two weeks after users receive their second vaccine dose, the app displays a green shield alongside the traveller's personal details. The app also includes a QR code, which can be scanned by authorities to link the certificate to the national vaccine register.
As of 8 May, fully vaccinated travellers will only need to quarantine for 1-2 days if they can provide proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR test and a vaccination certificate on arrival. An additional PCR test will also be carried out at the airport.
Before visiting Belize, visitors must download the Belize Health App and input their details to avoid having to be tested and quarantined. The information must prove that they have had both doses of an approved vaccine at least two weeks before arrival in the country.
Bulgaria is planning to introduce the EU Digital COVID-19 Passport by July, which would enable Bulgarian citizens to move freely and safely within the European Union and Schengen Area. In the meantime, COVID-19 certificates will be valid until August 12, 2021.
The Chinese COVID-19 vaccination passport shows whether someone has received their jabs, as well as any recent COVID-19 test or antibody test results. The vaccine certificates can be downloaded through the social media platform WeChat, or users can request them in paper format.
This system is currently only available for Chinese citizens, who will be able to present certificates at borders to aid health checks.
As of 1 April, anyone can travel to Croatia if they present a COVID-19 vaccination certificate. To avoid any discrimination, travellers can also enter with a negative test result taken no more than 48 hours prior to their arrival in the country.
As of 1 June 2021, Czech citizens can download COVID vaccine certificates by entering a family number (rodné číslo) and a Czech state ID number, or a national e-identity. Czechs can use this service to access Germany, Austria, Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, Slovenia, and Croatia.
As of 22 March, travellers who have had their full course of COVID-19 vaccinations can present the official vaccination certificate to enter Ecuador. Alternatively, visitors must have proof of a negative test result taken up to three days prior to their arrival in the country.
On 29 March 2021, the government of El Salvador announced that passengers who have proof that they have completed a COVID-19 vaccination course will no longer be required to present a negative RT-PCR test for entry.
On 2 February, Estonia announced that it will allow passengers arriving into the country to avoid quarantine requirements, as long as they provide proof of COVID-19 vaccination. The certificate must include when the vaccine was made, which vaccine was used, as well as the issuer and the batch number of the vaccine.
The Estonian government is also aiming to have a digital vaccination certificate ready by the end of April. Citizens will receive a QR code through the government patient portal. This will show proof of which vaccination users have had, and how many doses.
As part of the European Union’s Digital COVID-19 Certificate, French citizens can have access to a QR code that will verify whether they have been vaccinated. Vaccination documents can also be submitted to the French application TousAntiCovid to make travelling easier.
As of 1 February, fully vaccinated travellers from any country are allowed to enter Georgia, as long as they present documentation confirming they’ve had both doses of the COVID-19 vaccination.
As of 1 May, travellers with proof of full vaccination will only be required to quarantine for up to 48 hours. Visitors will also need to carry out a PCR test, which will be administered on entry and paid for in advance.
From 21 February, visitors can enter and exit Guatemala freely if they have either a COVID-19 passport or proof that their vaccination occurred a minimum of two weeks prior to arrival. All incoming visitors must also complete a health pass before crossing the border.
Unvaccinated visitors can also visit, but will need to bring either a negative COVID-19 test taken with 72 hours of arrival, or proof of recovery from COVID-19 within the past three months.
People who have visited the UK or South Africa 14 days before arriving might also be denied entry or required to quarantine.
From 6 April, all travellers – regardless of origin – are welcome to visit Iceland if they can show either a certificate of full vaccination against COVID-19 or proof of previous infection.
Israel deployed a vaccine certificate – the so-called ‘green pass’ – in late February. Holders of a green pass can go to venues, such as theatres, concert halls, and indoor restaurants and bars.
The country also joined forces with Greece by creating a ‘vaccination bubble’, which Cyprus is also hoping to get in on, meaning all arrivals between the countries can dodge quarantine if they have proof of immunity.
People in Italy can now use an online portal to claim a digital “green pass”, which proves they have been vaccinated, tested, or recovered from COVID-19. Within Italy, residents will need a green pass to attend large gatherings in the near future, such as weddings or concerts and, from 1 July 2021, will also be valid for quarantine-free travel in the EU.
Once registered on the ‘Visit Jordan’ platform, vaccinated visitors can waiver testing on arrival by uploading their digital certificate. As of 15 June 2021, the government lifted the country’s 11pm curfew for vaccinated people, so long as they have proof of their jabs.
Travellers are now allowed to skip the self-isolation precaution when they enter Latvia – as long as they have completed a full COVID vaccination course. Visitors will, however, still have to present a negative COVID-19 test result less than 72 hours before arrival.
As of 11 January, anyone arriving in Lebanon who can prove they have received a COVID-19 vaccine will be exempt from having to quarantine. As a precautionary measure, travellers will still need to take a test, but this should be paid for by your chosen airline.
The Lithuanian government has introduced the so-called “opportunity passport” to allow people to take part in more activities, including attending events of up to 500 people and being indoors at bars and restaurants.
Anyone with a negative coronavirus test, is fully vaccinated, or has recently recovered from COVID-19 will be eligible for the passport.
As of 20 April, travellers with proof that they’re fully vaccinated will not have to produce a negative COVID-19 PCR-test upon arrival at the Maldives, and will also be able to swerve mandatory quarantine.
Moroccan authorities have lifted the international flight ban that was imposed to reduce the risk of COVID-19. To enter the country, visitors need to provide proof that they have been fully vaccinated against COVID-19, with the second dose administered at least two weeks prior to travel.
Montenegro is allowing vaccinated people from any country to visit, as long as they present either a negative test from the previous 72 hours, or proof that they received the second dose of a vaccine more than seven days prior.
You should bear in mind that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) currently classes Montenegro as a level four (‘do not travel’) country.
On 14 January, the Polish deputy Health Minister stated that people who get vaccinated against COVID-19 in Poland will receive a vaccine passport. This will be dispensed to citizens either in the form of a QR code or a printed document, after having received a second dose of the vaccine.
Poland’s National Immunisation Program also confirmed that vaccinated people will be able to use public health services without additional testing, will not be included in social distancing measures, and won’t have to quarantine after coming into contact with someone infected with COVID-19.
On 18 January, the Romanian government announced that anyone from the UK who has had both doses of the vaccine, and arrives in Romania more than ten days after the second dose, will no longer be expected to self-isolate.
On 7 January, Saudi Arabia’s Minister of Health announced the launch of an online ‘immunity passport service’, which was issued through the Government’s Tawakkalna app. The passport contains proof of an individual’s vaccination against COVID-19, confirming that the individual is immune to the virus.
Seychellois nationals and permanent residents are now allowed to enter Seychelles from any country without having to quarantine, as long as they have completed a full dose of vaccination at least two weeks before travelling. Unvaccinated Seychellois nationals and permanent residents must undergo 7 days of home quarantine.
From 19 April, certain travellers can avoid having to self-isolate if they can prove they’ve had the second dose of either Pfizer-BioNTech, Moderna, or the Oxford/AstraZeneca jab.
Slovenia is welcoming travellers back after the pandemic, but people coming from countries on its ‘red list’ must carry out a few checks beforehand. These include:
- Quarantining for 10 days upon arrival, unless they provide proof of a negative test taken within the previous 48 hours
- Having proof of Covid-19 vaccination, as follows:
- A second dose of Pfizer/BioNTech at least 7 days before arrival
- A second dose of Moderna vaccine at least 14 days before arrival
- A second dose of Oxford/AstraZeneca vaccine at least 21 days before arrival
Spain has joined a handful of other European countries by implementing the EU Digital COVID-19 Passport system. Spain has also loosened its restrictions for non-EU arrivals, but only if they have received full protection from the vaccines 14 days prior to arrival. All passengers, whether vaccinated or not, must still complete a Spain Travel Health Form before they arrive.
The Swiss government has announced that, as of 7 June, it will start distributing digital vaccination certificates to resume travel between European countries.
As of 1 May, any fully vaccinated travellers won't have to be tested once arriving in The Bahamas. Without proof of vaccination, visitors to the island need to present a negative COVID-19 test certificate, which is less than 5 days old, a health visa application for international travel, and a health card application for domestic travel.
Thailand's tourist hotspot Phuket is allowing vaccinated tourists in without having to quarantine. Visitors must be fully vaccinated at least 14 days prior to their departure to Thailand and must download the ThailandPlus alert app.
Both EU and non-EU travellers entering the Netherlands from a COVID-19 low-risk country will no longer have to present a negative test result or stay self-isolated upon their arrival, regardless of their vaccination status. However, The Dutch Government has announced travellers from high risk areas will have more stringent precautions, unless they are fully vaccinated.
Tourists hoping to visit Tunisia can now do so if they are fully vaccinated or have tested positive for COVID-19 at least six weeks before their departure date. Vaccinated travellers must show official evidence from their healthcare provider that they have received both jabs.
As of 16 June, all foreign nationals with a valid negative PCR/RAT test or a certificate of full vaccination that meets Ukrainian requirements do not have to self-isolate on arrival in Ukraine.