Which Countries Are Using COVID-19 Vaccine Passports?
International travel has been on the back burner for over a year now, and as more people receive the COVID-19 vaccine, nations around the world are itching to reopen their borders.
In a bid to kick-start the tourism industry, one by one, countries are introducing COVID vaccine passports. Although the name can be misleading, this documentation comes in all shapes and sizes – we’re already seeing physical certificates, digital forms, and QR codes within national apps.
So, if you’re part of the 2% of the world that has received both doses of the vaccine, let’s find out where your next holiday could be.
Passport? Check. Boarding pass? Check. COVID-19 passport? Check.
What are COVID vaccine passports?
Before we dive in, let’s clear up any confusion about what a COVID passport actually is. Put simply, it’s a document that includes personal details, health records, and information about your COVID-19 vaccinations.
Depending on where you’re travelling to, the name and way the passport is used will differ – it’s worth familiarising yourself with this before you leave.
Below, you can check which countries have already got a COVID-19 vaccination passport system put in place. We’ve decided to include any form of passport/certificate/app, as well as the date that the policy was/will be brought into effect.
Many countries have confirmed that they are developing a system, but have not settled on anything yet. We’ll therefore update this page monthly with any new vaccine passports that are announced.
Which countries have COVID-19 passports so far?
|Country||Type of certificate/passport||Start date|
|Bahrain||Digital certificate via Bahrain’s BeAware app||February 2021|
|Belize||Digital certificate via Belize Health App||February 2021|
|China||Digital certificate via WeChat||March 2021|
|Croatia||Physical or digital vaccination certificate||1 April 2021|
|Cyprus||Unknown - TBC||1 May 2021|
|Denmark||Digital certificate via Denmark's Coronapas system||6 April 2021|
|Ecuador||Physical or digital vaccination certificate||March 2021|
|Estonia||Physical vaccination certificate |
(digital version available soon)
|Georgia||Physical or digital vaccination certificate||February 2021|
|Greece||Unknown - TBC||14 May 2021|
|Guatemala||Physical or digital vaccination certificate||24 February 2021|
|Hungary||Digital certificate via GuardTime app||Unknown|
|Iceland||Physical or digital vaccination certificate||March 2021|
|Israel||Digital vaccination certificate via Israel’s Green Pass System app||February 2021|
|Japan||Digital certificate via CommonPass app||Unknown|
|Lebanon||Physical or digital vaccination certificate||January 2021|
|Malta||Physical or digital vaccination certificate (only some nationalities)||1 June 2021|
|Montenegro||Physical or digital vaccination certificate||April 2021|
|Poland||Physical or digital vaccination certificate||January 2021|
|Portugal||Physical or digital vaccination certificate (only some nationalities)||17 May 2021|
|Saudi Arabia||Immunity Passport Service via Tawakkalna app||January 2021|
|Singapore||Digital certificate via IATA Travel Pass||1 May 2021|
|Slovenia||Physical or digital vaccination certificate||February 2021|
|South Korea||Digital certificate via government mobile app (name TBC)||April 2021 (specific date TBC)|
|Sweden||Digital certificate via government mobile app (app TBC)||1 June 2021|
|Thailand||Physical or digital vaccination certificate||April 2021 (specific date TBC)|
*Please note that this table will change constantly, so you should consult the embassy or government website of your chosen country before you travel.
Where can you use COVID-19 vaccine passports now?
On 17 February, Bahrain added ‘proof of vaccination’ to its BeAware contact tracing app. Two weeks after users receive their second vaccine dose, the app displays a green shield alongside the person’s personal details. The app also includes a QR code, which can be scanned by authorities to link the certificate to the national vaccine register.
Before visiting Belize, visitors must download the Belize Health App and input their details to avoid having to be tested and quarantined. The information must prove that they have had both doses of an approved vaccine at least two weeks before arrival in the country.
The Chinese COVID-19 vaccination passport shows whether someone has received their jabs, as well as any recent COVID-19 test or antibody test results. The vaccine certificates can be downloaded through the social media platform WeChat, or users can request them in paper format.
This system is currently only available for Chinese citizens, who will be able to present certificates at borders to aid health checks.
As of 1 April, anyone can travel to Croatia if they present a COVID-19 vaccination certificate. To avoid any discrimination, travellers can also enter with a negative test result taken no more than 48 hours prior to their arrival in the country.
As of 22 March, travellers who have had their full course of COVID-19 vaccinations can present the official vaccination certificate. Alternatively, visitors must present a negative test result taken up to three days prior to their arrival in the country.
On 2 February, Estonia announced that it will allow passengers arriving into the country to avoid quarantine requirements, as long as they provide proof of COVID-19 vaccination. The certificate must include when the vaccine was made, which vaccine was used, as well as the issuer and the batch number of the vaccine.
The Estonian government is also aiming to have a digital vaccination certificate ready by the end of April. Citizens will receive a QR code through the government patient portal. This will show proof of which vaccination users have had, and how many doses.
As of 1 February, fully vaccinated travellers from any country are allowed to enter Georgia, as long as they present documentation confirming they’ve had both doses of the COVID-19 vaccination.
From 21 February, visitors can enter and exit Guatemala freely if they have either a COVID-19 passport or proof that their vaccination occurred a minimum of two weeks prior to arrival. All incoming visitors must also complete a health pass before crossing the border.
Unvaccinated visitors can also visit, but will need to bring either a negative COVID-19 test taken with 72 hours of arrival, or proof of recovery from COVID-19 within the past three months.
People who have visited the UK or South Africa 14 days before arriving might also be denied entry or required to quarantine.
From 6 April, all travellers – regardless of origin – are welcome to visit Iceland if they can show either a certificate of full vaccination against COVID-19 or proof of previous infection.
Israel deployed a vaccine certificate – the so-called ‘green pass’ – in late February. Holders of a green pass can go to venues, such as theatres, concert halls, and indoor restaurants and bars.
The country also joined forces with Greece by creating a ‘vaccination bubble’, which Cyprus is also hoping to get in on, meaning all arrivals between the countries can dodge quarantine if they have proof of immunity.
As of 11 January, anyone arriving in Lebanon who can prove they have received a COVID-19 vaccine will be exempt from having to quarantine. As a precautionary measure, travellers will still need to take a test, but this should be paid for by your chosen airline.
Montenegro is allowing vaccinated people from any country to visit, as long as they present either a negative test from the previous 72 hours, or proof that they received the second dose of a vaccine more than seven days prior.
You should bear in mind that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) currently classes Montenegro as a level four (‘do not travel’) country.
On 14 January, the Polish deputy Health Minister stated that people who get vaccinated against COVID-19 in Poland will receive a vaccine passport. This will be dispensed to citizens either in the form of a QR code or a printed document, after having received a second dose of the vaccine.
Poland’s National Immunisation Program also confirmed that vaccinated people will be able to use public health services without additional testing, will not be included in social distancing measures, and won’t have to quarantine after coming into contact with someone infected with COVID-19.
On 7 January, Saudi Arabia’s Minister of Health announced the launch of an online ‘immunity passport service’, which was issued through the Government’s Tawakkalna app. The passport contains proof of an individual’s vaccination against COVID-19, confirming that the individual is immune to the virus.
Slovenia is welcoming travellers back after the pandemic, but people coming from countries on its ‘red list’ must carry out a few checks beforehand. These include:
- Quarantining for 10 days upon arrival, unless they provide proof of a negative test taken within the previous 48 hours
- Having proof of Covid-19 vaccination, as follows:
- A second dose of Pfizer/BioNTech at least 7 days before arrival
- A second dose of Moderna vaccine at least 14 days before arrival
- A second dose of Oxford/AstraZeneca vaccine at least 21 days before arrival